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قديم 2012-11-11, 10:37 رقم المشاركة : 7
معلومات العضو
yousyous
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إحصائية العضو






yousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond repute

yousyous غير متواجد حالياً


افتراضي رد: a new lesson+ practical exercices for each day...follow me:)

Past simple or continuous


Both the past simple and the past continuous refer to completed actions in the past.
Most of the time when we are talking about such actions, we use the past simple. This is by far the most common way of talking about the past.
  • I lived there for 6 years.
  • I only found out a few moments ago.
  • I asked her but she didn't know anything.
  • The company made 100 people redundant last year.
Only use the past continuous when you want to emphasize the continuity of the action.
  • Everybody was talking about it all evening.
  • They were really trying hard but couldn't do it.
  • I was thinking about you the other day.
  • Were you expecting that to happen?
When we use these two forms in the same sentence, we use the past continuous to talk about the "background action" and the past simple to talk about the shorter completed action.
  • It was raining hard when we left the building.
  • I was reading the report when you rang.
  • He was going out to lunch when I saw him.
  • The company was doing well when I last visited it.





Exercice:




Put the verbs into the correct tense (Simple Past or Past Progressive).
  1. While Tom (read) , Amely (watch) a documentary on TV.
  2. Marvin (come) home, (switch) on the computer and (check) his emails.
  3. The thief (sneak) into the house, (steal) the jewels and (leave) without a trace.
  4. Nobody (listen) while the teacher (explain) the tenses.
  5. While we (do) a sight-seeing tour, our friends (lie) on the beach.
  6. He (wake) up and (look) at his watch.


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قديم 2012-11-11, 11:01 رقم المشاركة : 8
معلومات العضو
yousyous
عضو مميز في منتدى التسالي

إحصائية العضو






yousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond repute

yousyous غير متواجد حالياً


افتراضي رد: a new lesson+ practical exercices for each day...follow me:)

Irregular verbs
All new verbs in English are regular.
  • I photocopied the report.
  • She faxed it to me.
  • They emailed everybody about it.
  • I googled my name and got more than 20 000 responses.
There are approximately 180 irregular verbs. You don't need to learn all of them because some of these are very rare but many others are very useful and you do need to know them.
What's the easiest way to learn them? Some people think you should learn a list 'by heart'. Others think you should not learn them at all – you will just gradually acquire them over time.
One useful method is to note down new irregular verbs as you meet them. It is useful to write these verbs (or any vocabulary you want to learn) in sentences and learn those rather than the individual word.
Which is easier to learn?
  • stick stuck stuck
  • I stuck the photo into my album.
Another technique is to classify the irregular verbs into 4 categories.
1. All forms the same
  • set set set
  • cost cost cost
2. Similar sound groups
  • beat beat beaten
  • eat ate eaten
  • blow blew blown
  • throw threw thrown
  • drink drank drunk
  • sing sang sung
  • speak spoke spoken
  • wake woke woken
3. The second and third forms are the same.
  • bend bent bent
  • sleep slept slept
  • spend spent spent
  • bring brought brought
  • buy bought bought
  • teach taught taught
  • have had had
  • pay paid paid
  • say said said
4. The "unclassifiables"
  • come came come
  • do did done
  • go went gone
  • show showed show
As you meet new irregular verbs, try to decide in which category they fall.


Exercice:




Fill in the correct forms of the irregular verbs.


*Infinitive :To cut ---S.Past:................---P.Participle:..............

*................................ ----: saw-------------------------- :................

*........................----------:...................................---- known........




*To feel ----------------:...........................-----..............................

*To buy----------------:.............................----..............................



  رد مع اقتباس
قديم 2012-11-18, 11:25 رقم المشاركة : 9
معلومات العضو
yousyous
عضو مميز في منتدى التسالي

إحصائية العضو






yousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond repute

yousyous غير متواجد حالياً


افتراضي رد: a new lesson+ practical exercices for each day...follow me:)

Present perfect

(Please note that British and American English have different rules for the use of this tense. The explanation here refers to British English. In American English, it is often acceptable to use the past simple in some of these examples.)




We use the present perfect when we want to look back from the present to the past.
We can use it to look back on the recent past.
  • I've broken my watch so I don't know what time it is.
  • They have cancelled the meeting.
  • She's taken my copy. I don't have one.
  • The sales team has doubled its turnover.
When we look back on the recent past, we often use the words 'just' 'already' or the word 'yet' (in negatives and questions only).
  • We've already talked about that.
  • She hasn't arrived yet.
  • I've just done it.
  • They've already met.
  • They don't know yet.
  • Have you spoken to him yet?
  • Have they got back to you yet?
It can also be used to look back on the more distant past.
  • We've been to Singapore a lot over the last few years.
  • She's done this type of project many times before.
  • We've mentioned it to them on several occasions over the last six months.
  • They've often talked about it in the past.
When we look back on the more distant past, we often use the words 'ever' (in questions) and 'never'.
  • Have you ever been to Argentina?
  • Has he ever talked to you about the problem?
  • I've never met Jim and Sally.
  • We've never considered investing in Mexico.
Exercice:


Put the verbs into the correct form (present perfect simple).
  1. I (not / work) today.
  2. We (buy) a new lamp.
  3. We (not / plan) our holiday yet.
  4. Where (be / you) ?
  5. He (write) five letters.
  6. She (not / see) him for a long time.
  7. (be / you) at school?
  8. School (not / start) yet.
  9. (speak / he) to his boss?
  10. No, he (have / not) the time yet.


  رد مع اقتباس
قديم 2012-12-03, 22:22 رقم المشاركة : 10
معلومات العضو
yousyous
عضو مميز في منتدى التسالي

إحصائية العضو






yousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond repute

yousyous غير متواجد حالياً


افتراضي رد: a new lesson+ practical exercices for each day...follow me:)

Present perfect continuous

This tense is used to talk about an action or actions that started in the past and continued until recently or that continue into the future:
We can use it to refer to an action that has finished but you can still see evidence.
  • Oh, the kitchen is a mess. Who has been cooking?
  • You look tired. Have you been sleeping properly?
  • I've got a a stiff neck. I've been working too long on computer.
It can refer to an action that has not finished.
  • I've been learning Spanish for 20 years and I still don't know very much.
  • I've been waiting for him for 30 minutes and he still hasn't arrived.
  • He's been telling me about it for days. I wish he would stop.
It can refer to a series of actions.
  • She's been writing to her regularly for a couple of years.
  • He's been phoning me all week for an answer.
  • The university has been sending students here for over twenty years to do work experience.
The present perfect continuous is often used with 'since', 'for', 'all week', 'for days', 'lately', 'recently', 'over the last few months'.
  • I've been wanting to do that for ten years.
  • You haven't been getting good results over the last few months.
  • They haven't been working all week. They're on strike
  • He hasn't been talking to me for weeks.
  • We've been working hard on it for ages.
  • I've been looking at other options recently.
  • He's been working here since 2001.
Exercice:




Put the verbs into the correct form (present perfect progressive).
  1. He (work).................... in this company since 1985.
  2. I (wait)..................... for you since two o'clock.
  3. Mary (live).................... in Germany since 1992.
  4. Why is he so tired? He (play)...................... tennis for five hours.
  5. How long (learn / you)........................ English?
  6. We (look for)..................... the motorway for more than an hour.
  7. I (live) .................... without electricity for two weeks.
  8. The film (run / not) ................. for ten minutes yet, but there's a commercial break already.
  9. How long (work / she) ....................... in the garden?
  10. She (not / be) ............. in the garden for more than an hour.


  رد مع اقتباس
قديم 2012-12-04, 14:48 رقم المشاركة : 11
معلومات العضو
yousyous
عضو مميز في منتدى التسالي

إحصائية العضو






yousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond repute

yousyous غير متواجد حالياً


افتراضي رد: a new lesson+ practical exercices for each day...follow me:)

Present perfect simple or continuous


Often there is very little difference between the present perfect simple and the present perfect continuous. In many cases, both are equally acceptable.
  • They've been working here for a long time but Andy has worked here for even longer.
  • I've lived here for 10 years and she has been living here for 12 years.
To emphasize the action, we use the continuous form.
  • We've been working really hard for a couple of months.
  • She's been having a hard time.
To emphasize the result of the action, we use the simple form.
  • I've made fifteen phone calls this morning.
  • He's written a very good report.
Look at the difference in these examples.
  • I've been reading this book for two months but I've only read half of it. It's very difficult to read.
  • She's been trying to convince him for 20 minutes but she hasn't managed to yet.
  • They've been talking about this for month and they still haven't found a solution.
When an action is finished and you can see the results, use the continuous form.
  • The phone bill is enormous. You've been calling your boyfriend in Australia, haven't you?
  • You're red in the face. Have you been running?
When you use the words 'ever' or 'never', use the simple form.
  • I don't know them. I've never met them.
  • Have you ever heard anything so strange in your life.
Exercice:






Put the verbs into the correct tense (Present Perfect Simple or Present Perfect Progressive).
  1. A: (you / take)................. the dog for a walk yet?
  2. B: I (work)............. all day. I (come / just) .............. home from work and I (have / not)................. the time yet to walk the dog.
  3. A: How long (the dog / be).................. home alone?
  4. B: For about 6 hours. You (walk / not) ............... the dog for a long time. Don't you want to go?
  5. A: Well, I (laze / not)............. about all day either, you know. I have a very important meeting tomorrow and I still (finish / not) ................. my presentation.
  6. B: Okay, I will go then. Where (you / put)..................... collar and leash?
  7. A: They are in the kitchen. By the way, (you / eat)................ anything yet? If not, could you get us something from the supermarket?


  رد مع اقتباس
قديم 2012-12-17, 22:05 رقم المشاركة : 12
معلومات العضو
yousyous
عضو مميز في منتدى التسالي

إحصائية العضو






yousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond reputeyousyous has a reputation beyond repute

yousyous غير متواجد حالياً


افتراضي رد: a new lesson+ practical exercices for each day...follow me:)

Past perfect




We use the past perfect simple to talk about what happened before a point in the past. It looks back from a point in the past to further in the past.
  • I hadn't known the bad news when I spoke to him.
  • I checked with the supplier and they still hadn't received the contract.
  • She had already told him before I got a chance to give him my version.
  • The company has started the year well but was badly hit by the postal strike.
The past perfect simple is often used when we report what people had said/thought/believed.
  • He told me they had already paid the bill.
  • He said he believed that John had moved to Italy.
  • I thought we had already decided on a name for this product


Exercice: Change the verb into the correct form: it may happen that the tense is not the past perfect be careful.


1. I (study)............ Japanese before.
2. She (bake)........... a lot before she ................ (open) her shop.
3. We .............(have) a lot of trouble because we ............. (lose) our passports.
4. Brian ...............(know) many people at the club because he............. (be) there many times.
5. They.............. (study) English before they............. (move) to Canada.



6. You ............ (enjoy) the movie because you............. (read) the book.
7. She really.............. (like) him because he.............. (help) her.
8. Amy........... (study) a lot before she.......... (take) the test.
9. We.......... (get) into the restaurant only because we.............. (reserve) our places.
10. I.................. (be) to India before 1986.
11. They .............. (have) a lot of trouble before they finally............. (succeed).
12. Chris.............. (own) that car for 5 years before he.............. (sell) it.
13. Sharon ..............(be) very sick until she ................. (stop) eating junk food.
14. I ..................... (be) in Greece for 7 months before I........................ (move) to Spain.
15. You .................(cook) a lot, because you ..............(be) so hun
gry.


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